.. Abstract Television violence is pure evil to the minds of children and young adults. A simple cartoon can probably have around thirty violent acts in it. A sit-com show can influence a kid to kill someone. Magazines and newspapers have articles of children imitating violent acts that they have seen on television.

Psychologists and doctors have done a lot research to prove that television violence can affect a mind of a child or a young adult. Scientists did weird and educated experiments to show that television violence can affect minds of children and young adults. Parents had discovered ways to prevent television violence from entering their homes. Parents also found way to let their children understand the violence is not real. Parents try to stop the television violence but they cant stop it. Television Violence Harry comes home from work and turns on the television and sees a persons head explode, and someones heart being ripped out of his chest.

Then Harry changes the channel and watches a woman being raped and then killed. Harry looks at what his kids are watching, and he sees that they are watching a cartoon showing a rabbit hitting a duck with a hammer, and the children are trying to imitate the cartoon characters. Such an imitation is often acted out without any thought. Can children and young adult minds be brainwash from careless television violence? The answer to the question is yes. Television violence affects the minds of children and young adults. What is violence? Is violence when somebody pushes a person, or a person hits somebody with a weapon? Can violence take place when something is not purposely being destroyed? The Webster Dictionary defines violence as exertion of physical force so as to injure or abuse, or an injury by or as if by distortion, infringement, or profanation.

Does television has violence or any characteristics of violence? Yes, a lot of cartoons and sit-coms show acts of violence to capture a childs or a young adults attention. The people who write television shows believe that there audience, especially young adults, can be blunt to the violence, also the audience can see the pain and suffering is fake. That is a good assumption, but the writers should also believe that their audience could tell the difference between reality violence to television violence. There are to many sit-coms and cartoons that show extreme violence that a person, child or a young adult, will love to perform. Sit-coms show violent acts like fighting, usage of firearms or any kind of weapon, and destruction of property.

The popular shows like Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Malcolm in the Middle, and Dark Angel show acts of violence. These shows perform the violent acts: stabbing a person with a stake, stinking a knife in a person stomach, constant fighting between family members, profanity, and someone beating a person to death. Can a violent show cause a child or a young adult to perform violent acts? Yes, the magazine known as Stuff reported an incident that happen in San Francisco. Four teenagers raped a nine-year-old Olivia Niemi and her seven-year-old friend. The teenagers said that Born Innocent, a mini series about a girl reform school, gave them the idea. Court TV, a cable channel, did report on November 23, 2000 on how W.W.F encourage violence in children and young adults. W.W.F (World Wrestling Federation), big sit-com or one can say a soap opera for males, had a lot of evidence that Court TV found about children and young adults performing violent acts that were perform on W.W.F.

A nine-year-old boy preformed a close line (a wrestling move where a person takes his or her arm and rams to his or her opponents neck) a three-year-old boy and cause serious damage to the neck of three year old. Also, a twelve year old preformed a power bomb (a wrestling move where a person his lifted in the air then slam on to the ground) his two-year-old cousin that cause the two year olds death. Cartoons show a lot of violence to capture children and young adults attention. Cartoons are the most violent programs on television (Johnson, 1999). Mostly all cartoons have consent fighting between hero and villains. Some cartoons have funny looking character torturing another character. Can violence on cartoons make a kid or a young adult to do some kind of violent act? Yes, in Ohio a five year-old boy set his house on fire that killed his little sister.

The boy said he developed the idea by watching the cartoon Beavis and Butthead (Josephson, 1995). Other example of a child performing a violent act was a six year-old Jeremy Nezworski imitated an act of hanging himself like a ghost after he watch the act on the cartoon The Scooby Doo Show, and the boy killed himself (Josephson, 1995). Doctors, scientists, psychologists, and people that have too much time on his or her hands had done research on how much violence is seen on television. In George Gerbner, a scientist, research found the levels of violence seen during prime-time television have averaged nearly about five acts per hour. What makes it worst is that a Saturday morning TV shows had an average of twenty to twenty five violent acts per hour (Murray, 1994).

A survey on television violence reported six hundred and nine violent acts during the time periods of 2pm to 5pm (Murray, 1999). In addition, the National Television Violence Study did some research and found that childrens programs show five percent of bad consequences of violence and show sixty seven percent of comedy violence (“Movies”, 2000). Psychologists, researchers, and doctors have done a lot of research on how children and young adults minds are affected by television violence. Many researchers agree that violence shown by the media has led an increase in violence and crime, and they also believe that the younger viewer will have a problem in deciding what is non-fiction and fiction. In addition, the lower part of the human brain cant determine images that are real or created on television. The researchers also agree about how people who watch aggressive shows become more aggressive and behaving like a violent criminals (Johnson 1999).

John Murray said several studies have show that one exposure to a violent cartoon leads to increase aggression.” Most psychologists agree if someone is exposed to violent images on television, that person is more likely to behave violently (Murray, 1994). Patricia Peterson said, “Three thousand studies have been done since 1955 on the link between television and violence; 2,980 of them found a correlation between the two.” Summaries and researches are good information to have but where is the true evidence of television violence affects minds of children and young adults. Scientists wonder that question and they answer the question by doing experiments. Two scientists name Mr. Hapkiewitz and Mr. Roden did an experiment where a couple boys were set a side from the group of children and watch violent cartoons. After the boys had seen the cartoons, they were place back into the group of children. The scientists learned that the boys who watch the violent cartoons wouldnt share their toys with the other children (Murray, 1994).

The experiment showed that a violent cartoon could easily make a child be violent. Mr. Hapkiewitz did another experiment that dealt with the relationship of television violence and violent behavior of children. The experiment was a group of children was sent to watch the segments of the show The Untouchables, while the other children watch a track race. After the kids had watched both shows, they were put together in a room.

One experiment had a young child watch a model that tortures a plastic blow up doll. The conclusion of that experiment was the child was more aggressive and acted violent to the other children. The result of the experiment was that the children who saw the violent show wanted to hurt the other children. Ross Parke and his colleagues did an experiment that showed American and Belgian teenage boys acted violently after watching aggressive television shows and movies. As a result of the experiments, that one can have aggressive behavior after watching televised violence (Murray, 1994). How can a parent stop the violence that is seen on television or stop their children from watching violence? Parents can easily stop their children from watching violence on the television. One method is to turn the television off when there is no need for it to be on.

A parent can keep a watch of their childrens viewing habits (“Movies,” 2000). Instead of letting their children watch television, parents can read books or tell stories to their children (Johnson, 1999). An easier way for parents to stop their children from watching violence is to block out certain channels and place their television in a less noticeable spot (“Movies,” 2000). Parents can substitute the television by doing fun activities (Peterson, 1997). Parents can reduce television violence by boycotting and writing letters to television programmers.

In conclusion, television violence does affect the minds of children and young adults. The researches and studies help prove that television violence does affect minds of kids and young adults; in addition, the experiments produce clearly good evidence about television violence. The bad news is that television violence cannot be stop because it sells. Television violence is pure entertainment for the people that dont have any order in their life. A show that produces a good amount of extreme violence usually has all the ratings. However, parents can take control of their T.V.

and do types of prevention of having violence on their television. References Johnson, S.R. (1999, June). Strangers in our homes: TV and our children’s minds. Sooth.com.

Retrieved November 1, 2000 from the World Wide Web http://sooth.com/a/johnson.html Josephson, W.L. (1995, February). Television violence: A review of the effects on children of different ages. Childrens Entertainment. Retrieved November 1, 2000 from the World Wide Web http://www.nisbett.com/child-ent/television violence.htm Movies, TV, Videos. (2000). Local Mom.com.

Retrieved November 1, 2000 from the World Wide Web http://www.parenting-qa.com/cgi-bin/detail/moviest vvideos/research/ Murray, J. (1994, Summer). The impact of televised violence. Hofstra Law Review. Retrieved November 1, 2000 from the World Wide Web http://www-communication.ucsd.edu/tlg/123/murray.h tml Peterson, P. (1997).

Are we selling out our children’s minds? University of Minnesota. Retrieved November 1, 2000 from the World Wide Web http://www.cyfc.umn.edu/Media/tvviol.html.