Dbq On Comparing Chesapeake And New England Bay Colonies #1 DBQ Curiosity and bravery led the English to discover the nations of America. These strong willed Europeans, determined to find to a new world, set out with high hopes and ambitions. Settling a variety of colonies along the coast of North America, the English were among the first true pioneers. After several expeditions and ships loads of emigrants, the English had a divergence of reasons for departing Europe for America. The settlers of the Chesapeake and New England colonies, were foreigners to the land, established two exceptional but contrary societies due to the diversity of English citizens. Chesapeake and New England colonies, although from the same English background, developed distinctions from the very start of the sixteenth century; their reasons for fleeing Europe, political standards, family life, religions and use of land.
With King James I offering a charter for the Virginia Company of London, a joint stock company, to prompt a settlement in the New World, profit filled English men couldn’t refuse this gracious proposal. A promise of golden lands and a new passage route through America to the West Indies, the hearty men embarked on a journey which to their eyes seemed to be through the vast unknown. Arriving on the shores of Chesapeake Bay in 1606, soon they were attacked by Indians. Finally having to settle on the James River (named in honor of their King) the Virginia Company was forced to make their home within a mosquito infested and unhealthily region. Beginning their arduous search from the onset, the stubborn men searched for gold day and night through starvation, malnutrition, and disease. According to Captain John Smith these gold seekers were all men in hope of repayment for commencing on the journey. He described the scene as diligent men digging, washing, refining, and loading gold all in silence.
Living from “hand to mouth” induced the gold miners to only be able to provided selves with supplies for the following year. The profit filled English men of the Virginia Company voyaged to America with their hearts in hope for gold and their minds set on discovering this precious metal and nothing else. Meanwhile back in England, around the 1530’s King Henry VIII had broken ties with the Roman Catholic Church and was anointing himself the Head of the Church of England. Soon in 1603 King James I become the head of the Church of England causing the Puritans to oppose him as a spiritual leader. Since they could resist him as a spiritual leader and then would certainly defy as a political leader as well. Therefore, King James I menaced then out of the land. Compelled to sail to America in search of religious toleration these English soon founded Plymouth colony.
They were separatist known as pilgrims, settled the land in strong belief that they would be free of religious prosecution. Coming to America for entirely opposite motivations, cause these two colonies began to contrast from the very start. Controlling the colonies dealing with separate perspectives on life, Governor John Winthrop of the Massachusetts Bay colony (part of New England) and Governor William Berkley of the Virginia colony (part of Chesapeake) had a difference in views on the upraising of a community. According to John Winthrop all people are equal; the rich, the poor, the mean, and the powerful. With God at the center of the New England colony, the pilgrims believed in working together as one for the glory of God, where the colonist at Chesapeake believed that one man could be better then another.
In 1630 while Governor Winthrop was aboard the Arbella he writes that the community needs to uphold a fellowship together. Their unity should be abided by one spirit of peace for everyone is a worthy servant of Christ. On the other hand Governor Berkeley viewpoint was quite varied form that of Winthrop’s. In a statement to his council on defending Virginia against a Dutch attack in 1673, Berkeley addresses his council by telling them that it is their duty to take part in a war to guard their country. He also refers to his own people as servants, Negroes, and men in debt, while declaring that these people are not good enough to defend the country.
He is clearly putting people of his colony in social order, which is exactly what the Governor of the New England colonies preached against. These two adequate governors striving to achieve the best for their colonies, helped the growth of two separate societies. Both governor’s coming from highly different backgrounds and mind sets, simulates reasons for the different view points on the formulation of each the New England and the Chesapeake colonies. The difference in family life, religion and land draws the final line were these two distinct colonies divide in difference and development. Fleeing from religious persecution, the pilgrims migrated to New England in close knit families.
In 1635 the passengers heading to America for New England ranged from children to teenagers, to middle aged men. The ship’s list record by Deputy Clerk John Porter clarifies that the emigrants stationed to reside in the New England colonies were families consisting of members with a variety of ages. Therefore, the New England colonies were united from the start with a well-of family lifestyle. On another note, the ship’s list for passengers coming to Virginia in 1635 included mostly men ages from 14 to a few 51 year olds. With a 6 to 1 men/women ratio, reveals that family life was not an necessity for the Virginians. Disease-raged settlements grew slowly through the Chesapeake area, causing many unmarried males which leads to weak family ties and low reproduction rates, due to the scarcity of women.
New England emphasized on religion and family values, while Chesapeake concentrated on slavery, servants and prospering there tobacco industries. Equality and integrity lead the New England colonies to widespread survival. In Massachusetts, an Article of Agreement was formed for the citizens to embrace. The articles incorporate a list which embodies covenants for the community to follow in order to acquire a livelihood. The articles state the societies should be combined of all inhabitants, rich or poor. Each person will possess planting grounds and a lot for a house, while committing to a walk with Christ.
The citizens of New England were leveled headed, conservative, and organized. Meanwhile, a rebellion in Chesapeake against the governor was about to set forth. Nathaniel Bacon, a 29 year old indentured servant launched an attack against William Berkeley due to his toleration with the Indians and their frustration with broken expectations of acquiring land. Bacon confirmed a declaration justifying there attack against Berkeley in 1676, by remarking that some citizens are building larger estates and taking the “public treasure”, while they ( he indentured servants) make by on merely nothing. Comparing these two controversial colonies exhibits that the citizens of each community lead exhaustively different lifestyles. While New England civilians were fabricating laws of agreement to live by based around there faith, the people of Chesapeake are finding ways to go against there faith by attack their governor, indicates that the two colonies main focuses are not nearly related. Using slaves and indentured servants for farming and cultivating the land of Chesapeake, the Virginians thrived on high profits, large estates, utilizing slavery, fighting Indians and attacking slaves.
On the other hand, the New England colonies were centered around a Christian background, grounded on family ties, community unity, and flourishing from a diverse population. The New England and the Chesapeake colonies, both settled by the English become two entirely different societies by the beginning of the eighteenth century. As a outcome of individualism in the two societies, a vast difference in the development occurred. Ranging from family life to religion, to initial incentive for escaping the old practices of England, to styles of governing, these two communities advanced in opposite directions, but also emerged as becoming unique successful societies of the English origin. American History.